JWTCookieAuthentication

This is the description of JWTCookieAuthentication.

På denne siden:

JWTCookieAuthentication is a ASP.NET Core authentication service created for supporting Json Web Tokens (JWT) as bearer tokens and JWT in Cookies. It is based on JWTBearer

This is created for scenarios where you have need for APIs that will be accessed from system using bearer tokens and from Single Page Applications (SPA) where you want to protect the JWT from this SPA. (XSS attacks). When JWT is put in a http only cookie it is not accessible from the SPA and can’t be stolen by malicous javascript running in the browser.

This is created as a seperate C# Project and published as a Nuget Package here.

Features Consumer

  • Support Verification of JWT Tokens as bearer tokens
  • Support Verification of JWT Tokens from cookie
  • Configureble name of cookie used
  • Automatic detection if request contains Authorization bearer token or JWT in cookie
  • Uses Microsoft.IdentityModel.Tokens for verification and generation.
  • Uses OpenID connect well known endpoint to retrieve the JSON Web Key (JWK) used to sign JWT from the JSON Web Key Set
  • Support rotating of JWK (TODO)

Features ID Provider

  • Support Generation of JWT Tokens as bearer tokens
  • Support Generation of JWT Tokens inside Cookies
  • Configureble name of cookie used
  • Configurable Signing Certitcate
  • Uses standard JWT Library for verification and generation.
  • Uses OpenID connect well known endpoint to retrieve the JSON Web Key (JWK) used to sign JWT from the JSON Web Key Set
  • Support rotating of JWK (TODO)

How To Configure JWTCookieAuthentication

Configuration for consumers

// Configure Authentication
// Use [Authorize] to require login on MVC Controller Actions
services.AddAuthentication(JwtCookieDefaults.AuthenticationScheme)
    .AddJwtCookie(options =>
    {
        options.TokenValidationParameters = new TokenValidationParameters
        {
            ValidateIssuerSigningKey = true,
            ValidateIssuer = false,
            ValidateAudience = false,
            RequireExpirationTime = true,
            ValidateLifetime = true
        };
        options.Cookie.Domain = Configuration["GeneralSettings:HostName"];
        options.Cookie.Name = Services.Constants.General.RuntimeCookieName;
        options.MetadataAddress = Configuration["AppSettings:OpenIdWellKnownEndpoint"];
        if (_env.IsDevelopment())
        {
            options.RequireHttpsMetadata = false;
        }
    });

Configuration for the identity provider

The below configuration is relevant for the Identity Provider application.

// Use [Authorize] to require login on MVC Controller Actions
services.AddAuthentication(CookieAuthenticationDefaults.AuthenticationScheme)
    .AddJwtCookie(JwtCookieDefaults.AuthenticationScheme, options =>
    {
        options.ExpireTimeSpan = new TimeSpan(0, 30, 0);
        options.Cookie.Name = Common.Constants.General.RuntimeCookieName;
    })

How to get access to user information

When a application is configured with JWTCookie authentication the information is available in httpContext about the user.

 public static int GetUserId(HttpContext context)
{
    int userId = 0;

    if (context.User != null)
    {
        foreach (Claim claim in context.User.Claims)
        {
            if (claim.Type.Equals(AltinnCoreClaimTypes.UserId))
            {
                userId = Convert.ToInt32(claim.Value);
            }
        }
    }

    return userId;
}